Zika Virus

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Zika virus symptoms are comparable to those of dengue fever, yellow fever, and West Nile virus. Even in those who never exhibit any signs of illness, the Zika virus has the potential to produce issues in the brain or neurological system, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome. These instances are extremely rare. There are several names for infection with the Zika virus, including Zika, Zika fever, and Zika virus sickness.

Although anyone can have the this virus, pregnant women have the highest risk. Due to the possibility that their unborn child would have fetal microcephaly or another neurological disorder. Sexual contact in any of its three forms—oral, anogenital, or vaginal—is sufficient to spread the virus.

Summary of Essential Information

The mosquito species Aedes is responsible for transmitting the virus that causes Zika virus illness.
Mild symptoms can manifest as a fever, rash, conjunctivitis, eye irritation, muscle and joint discomfort, malaise, or a headache. The duration of symptoms is normally between two and seven days. The majority of those infected with this virus will show no signs of illness.
Congenital Zika syndrome is a group of birth defects including microcephaly that can be caused by Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Other pregnancy concerns, such as premature birth and miscarriage, have also been linked to mentioned virus infection.

Infection with the Zika virus increases the likelihood of developing neurological symptoms in both adults and children, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis. It wasn’t until 1952, in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania, that it was first recognized in human beings.

Countries across Africa, the Americas, Asia, and the Pacific have all seen this virus outbreaks.

In 2007, the disease caused by the Zika virus was reported for the first time on the Island of Yap in the Federated States of Micronesia. Then, in 2013, the said virus spread rapidly over French Polynesia and other Pacific islands. Guillain-Barré syndrome was first linked to the Zika virus in July 2015, following reports of a big outbreak of rash sickness in Brazil in March 2015.

Zika Virus Symptoms

Many persons infected with Zika have no symptoms and don’t realize it. Mild symptoms may develop. Severe infections rarely necessitate hospitalization. Death from Zika is uncommon.

The symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, joint and muscle aches, eye pain, headache, and a red, bumpy rash. 4 to 7 days.

Guillain-Barré syndrome is rare following Zika infection. Guillain-Barré syndrome causes muscle weakness and loss of feeling for a limited time.

Infection with the Zika virus during pregnancy can put the unborn child at risk for microcephaly and other complications. A condition known as microcephaly describes an abnormally small head. The brain does not develop normally, hence the head is proportionally small to match the size of the brain.

Microcephaly is just one of the many complications that can affect newborns whose mothers were infected during pregnancy.

  • Seizures

Delays in development (for example, children may have problems with speech and may sit, stand, and walk later than expected)

  • Intellectual disability
  • Issues with moving and maintaining equilibrium
  • Problems with eating, such as difficulties swallowing or chewing food
  • Hearing impairment
  • Vision problem

When these women traveled to a location in which this said virus infection is prevalent. It’s likely that they became infected with the virus and passed it on to their offspring.

Microcephaly is a condition that affects the head size (Head Size Comparison)

An infection with the Zika virus can induce various abnormalities in the brain as well as in the eyes (including cataracts). Infected infants may have loose skin on the scalp and, in very rare cases, joints with a restricted range of motion (such as clubfoot).

Preventing the Zika virus from spreading sexually

Taking care not to get the Zika virus through sexual contact is especially important for women who are pregnant. If their partner, whether he or she is male or female, lives in or has been to a place where the this virus is common, the couple should take precautions for the whole pregnancy. One of the following should be done by the couple:

Don’t have sex (vaginal, anal, or oral)

Use a barrier method of birth control every time you have sex, and do it right (vaginal, anal, or oral)
This advice is the same whether or not the partner is having symptoms. Most Zika virus infections don’t cause symptoms, and when they do, they are usually mild.

The CDC also gives advice when there isn’t an actual pregnancy. The time periods for men and women are different because the Zika virus stays in semen longer than in other body fluids.

Partners who have both been to a place where the Zika virus is spreading or has spread in the past. Condoms for men and women and dental dams are two ways to stop the spread of HIV (used during oral sex). These things can make it less likely that you will get the Zika virus during sex. They should be there before sexual activity starts and stay there until it’s over (see Condoms).

Sexual transmission can also be less likely if people don’t share sex devices.

Treatment

There is currently no treatment available for the Zika virus.

A person who is experiencing symptoms ought to

Take over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers to alleviate the discomfort caused by the temperature and pain

They also advise consulting with a physician who is board certified in both the field of maternal-fetal medicine and the management of infectious diseases in pregnant patients.

When should one go to the doctor?

It is important to get checked out by a medical professional if you suspect that you or a member of your family may be infected with the Zika virus, especially if you have recently gone to a region that is experiencing an ongoing outbreak of the disease. There are blood tests available at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States that can detect the Zika virus as well as other viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes.

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