Birth control is the prevention of conception or pregnancy through various devices, drugs, agents, sexual practices, or surgical procedures. It enables individuals to decide when they want to have a child.
For both men and women, various devices and treatments are available to assist in preventing pregnancy.
Certain techniques are more dependable than others. Often, the effectiveness of a method is contingent upon its application with care.
When used correctly, the contraceptive pill, for example, is over 99 percent effective. However, due to human error, up to nine women, each year become pregnant while using it.
Facts about birth control
- Birth control can assist individuals in determining when they wish to have children.
- There are numerous options, including various types of barriers, medications, and non-invasive traditional methods.
- Effectiveness varies and is frequently dependent on the rigor with which the method applies.
- Male condoms are the only ones that provide any protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
The male condom acts as a barrier, preventing sperm from entering the vagina. Worn over the penis before sexual intercourse. Polyurethane or latex uses to make condoms.
Additionally, it can aid in the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
It is approximately 82% effective. If a partner uses a condom, 18 women out of every 100 may conceive.
Condoms are available at pharmacies, supermarkets, and a variety of other locations. Additionally, health care providers provide them, sometimes for free. Additionally, you can purchase them online.
Female condoms, also known as femidoms, are made of polyurethane. Each end fits with a flexible ring. One ring secures the condom behind the pubic bone, while the other ring remains outside the vagina.
Spermicides may inject into the vagina before sexual activity. A spermicide chemically destroys sperm. The product uses in conjunction with or in place of a physical barrier.
Female condoms are effective in 79 percent of cases. Each year, approximately 21 women will become pregnant using this method.
This is a skin-applied transdermal patch. It secretes estrogen and progestin hormones synthesize in the laboratory.
The patch is typically worn on the lower abdomen or buttocks each week for three consecutive weeks. In the fourth week, no patch is worn to accommodate menstruation. Patches are available in a wide variety of colors.
The vaginal ring contraceptive is a flexible, plastic ring that releases a low dose of progestin and estrogen over three weeks. It suppresses ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus, impairing the movement of sperm.
The woman inserts the ring into the vagina for three weeks and then removes it for one week, during which she will have her period.
It is 99 percent effective, but due to the possibility of human error, this figure reduces to 91 percent.
An implant (commonly referred to by the brand name Nexplanon) is a rod containing progestin that slowly releases.
While the implant is effective for up to four years, it can be removed at any time, allowing for pregnancy.
It is 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy but does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Contraception in the emergency “morning after”
Emergency contraceptives, also known as the “morning-after pill,” may be used to prevent pregnancy following sexual activity. The hormone that inhibits ovulation, fertilization, and embryo implantation. Distinct from medical abortion, which occurs after the egg implants in the womb. Effective for the first 24 hours at 95%, but drops to 60% after 72 hours.
Protection Against Disease
Contraception is a highly effective method of preventing unintended pregnancy. Certain techniques, such as the male condom, can also help reduce the risk of contracting an STI.
No method of contraception is entirely effective. Combining two ways, for example, the pill and a condom provides additional protection and some protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).