DENGUE FEVER: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENTS

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DENGUE

What is Dengue?

Every year, millions of people become infected with dengue. Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America, and Africa are the most affected by dengue fever. However, the disease has spread to new areas, including local outbreaks in Europe and the southern United States.

Also, its fever is a viral infection spread by mosquitos that is discover in tropical and subtropical climates worldwide. It is primarily in urban and semi-urban areas. Its virus is the name set to the virus that causes dengue (DENV).

Dengue fever vaccines are develop by researchers. The best ways to avoid infection are to avoid mosquito bites and to take steps to reduce the mosquito population.

CAUSES

It is possible to contract dengue fever from any of four different kinds of dengue viruses. It is not possible to contract dengue fever simply by being in the presence of an infected person. Dengue fever, on the other hand, is spread through mosquito bites.

The two types of mosquitoes that are most typically responsible for the transmission of these viruses discover in and around human habitations. When a mosquito bites a person who infects with the virus. The virus enters the mosquito and spreads to other people. The virus then enters the bloodstream of the person who has been bitten by the infected mosquito, resulting in an infection of that individual.

You have long-term immunity to the type of virus that infected you. After you have recovered from fever you do not have long-term immunity to the other three kinds of fever virus. This signifies that you have a chance of becoming infected by one of the other three virus types in the future. If you contract fever for a second, third, or fourth time, your chances of acquiring severe fever grow significantly.

SYMPTOMS


Mild dengue symptoms confuses with other illnesses that produce fever. Aches and pains, or a rash, such as the common cold or the flu.
Diagram of a human body illustrating the most common symptom. It which is fever with any of the following: Pain in the eyes, headache, muscle pain, rash, bone pain, nausea/vomiting, and joint pain
Fever associated with any of the following symptoms is the most prevalent sign of dengue.

  • Rash, nausea, and vomiting
  • Muscle, joint, or bone discomfort, as well as other aches and pains (especially behind the eyes), are all warning signs.
  • Symptoms normally last between 2 and 7 days. The majority of folks will be back to normal in approximately a week.

Treatment

It does not have a specific medication to treat it and symptoms should be treated immediately. Also you should consult your healthcare professional.

Vaccine


The Dengvaxia dengue fever vaccine (Dengvaxia) approves for use in places of the world where dengue fever is frequent. It recommends for anyone aged 9 to 45 who have had at least one bout of dengue fever. There are three doses of the vaccine administered over the course of a 12-month period.

It is only license for use in patients who have a history of this fever. Or who have had a blood test that indicates a past infection with one of the dengue viruses. This is a condition which is popular as seropositivity — in order to prevent the illness. Receiving the vaccination appears to raise the risk of severe fever. Hospitalization due to the fever in the future among those who have never had dengue fever in the past (seronegative).

Dengvaxia is not available to travelers or those who live in the continental United States because it is a prescription medication. However, in 2019, the United States Food and Drug Administration approves the vaccine for people ages 9 to 16 who have dengue fever in the past and who live in the United States territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the United States Virgin Islands — all of which have dengue fever outbreaks.

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