Vascular disease can be defined as any ailment that affects the network of blood vessels in your body. Whenever the heart beats, blood is pumped via a network of blood arteries. Which is known as the circulatory system. The vessels are flexible tubes that transport blood to and from all parts of the body.
The vascular or circulatory system is the term used to describe this network. The term “vascular” is derived from a Latin word that means hollow container. It is estimated that your whole network of blood vessels. Thi could be stretched end-to-end and circumnavigate the Earth numerous times.
Some of these vessels are responsible for the movement of blood. As your heart beats, it pumps blood through your body. Delivering oxygen and nutrition to your tissues while also transporting waste away. Arteries are responsible for transporting blood away from the heart. It is returned by the veins.
Damaged cells in Vascular Disease are removed from your body through the use of lymph veins and lymph nodes. Which are part of a distinct cleaning system. Moreover, they can help prevent you from infections and cancer. Fluid is drawn into the veins from various tissues throughout your body. That fluid returns to your body through veins beneath your collarbones.
Vascular diseases include anything from problems with your arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels. To abnormalities that influence the way your blood flows and everything in between. If you have an illness, your tissues may not receive enough blood, which is known as ischemia. You may also experience other serious, even life-threatening complications as a result of the disease.
Symptoms of Vascular Disease
Nobody needs a medical degree to understand that your body contains blood vessels. And that these blood vessels are responsible for the transportation of blood throughout your body. The blood then travels through these channels. To give oxygen to all of the organs and muscles in your body. As well as your heart and brain. After it has picked up some oxygen from the lungs.
Consequently, it follows logically that your blood vessels are critical to your health and long-term viability. That is why you should be aware of the factors. That put your blood vessels at danger of injury. As well as the potentially devastating consequences that this can have on your health.
Because information is power, we’ve compiled a list of vascular disorders to be aware of. As well as the signs and symptoms to look for in these conditions.
Cerebrovascular disease is a type of cardiovascular illness. This can result in a stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Which is a temporary decrease of blood flow to a part of the brain. That occurs within seconds. Most people have total recovery in less than 5 minutes. However it might persist up to 24 hours.
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a type of circulatory illness that affects the legs and feet. If the blood supply to your limbs is restricted. You are at greater risk of having a heart attack. Or having a stroke due to the formation of blood clots. Although a large number of persons with this disease do not exhibit any symptoms. Those who do tend to experience pain in the thigh, calf, or buttocks while walking or exercising.
Vascular Disease Types
In the United States, heart disease and the repercussions of blocked blood veins that supply oxygen. And nutrients to and from the heart are well-known concepts to most people. Only a minority of people are aware that blockages caused by a buildup of plaque. Plus cholesterol can harm arteries other than those in the heart. Because arteries throughout the body transport oxygen-rich blood away. From the heart, blockages can occur in any artery. Resulting in life-threatening consequences.
An aneurysm is a bulging in the wall of a blood artery that can occur anywhere in the body. It is most commonly found in the aorta. Which is the major blood vessel that leaves your heart. An aortic aneurysm can occur in the chest, where it is referred to as thoracic. Or in the abdomen, when it is referred to as abdominal.
Small aneurysms, on the other hand, are rarely dangerous. However, they put you at risk for a variety of other issues, including:
Plaque deposits may form in the area where the aneurysm is located.
It is possible that a clot will form there and then break off. And become lodged somewhere else, which could be extremely harmful.
It is possible that the aneurysm will grow in size and push on other organs, causing pain.
As a result of the artery wall being stretched and thinned at the site of an aneurysm. It is unstable and could burst under pressure, much like a balloon. The rupture of an aortic aneurysm can be fatal if it occurs suddenly.
Atherosclerosis and peripheral artery disease
The coronary arteries are responsible for supplying blood to your heart muscle. The peripheral arteries are responsible for transporting blood to different tissues and organs. Plaque, which are deposits of fat, cholesterol, and other chemicals on the interior walls. Of both the heart and the lungs, can develop in either.
Plaque can accumulate over time, narrowing the channel. And making it more difficult for blood to flow through it. Alternatively, a plaque could burst, preventing blood flow.
Eventually, the artery will become so narrow that the blood supply to your tissues will be inadequate. Depending on where the problem occurs. You may have a variety of symptoms and concerns. As an illustration:
Angina (chest pain) or a heart attack can be caused by a blockage in the coronary arteries.
If it occurs in the carotid arteries, which feed blood to the brain. It might cause a stroke or small stroke, which is referred to as a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
Kidney blockage can result in problems with how they function. Uncontrolled high blood pressure, and heart failure if not treated promptly.
It’s possible that a blockage in your leg will result in leg pain or cramps while you’re active. A disease known as claudication — as well as skin changes such as sores. Or ulcers and fatigue in your legs.
There is a possibility that tissues will perish if there is no blood flow to a section of your body. If this occurs, you may lose a limb or an organ as a result.
Blood clots in veins (VTE)
It is known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) when a blood clot develops in a vein. Inside a muscle, generally in the lower leg, thigh, or pelvis (DVT). If the blood clot breaks free and spreads to your lungs. It is known as a pulmonary embolism (pulmonary embolism) (PE). These blood clots in your veins may be referred to as venous thromboembolisms. Or VTE, by your doctor.
The following are some of the reasons:
Conditions such as congestive heart failure and some malignancies. That cause blood to thicken and slow circulation are examples of this.
In a vein, there are damaged valves.
Veins that have been damaged as a result of an injury or infection.
Genetic abnormalities that increase the likelihood of your blood clotting.
Pregnancy estrogen and birth control tablets, for example, are examples of hormones.
Being confined to bed for an extended period of time or being unable to move much.
Surgery, particularly certain hip and leg surgeries, is a possibility.
Damaged vein valves or a deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This can also result in long-term blood pooling and swelling in your legs. Chronic venous insufficiency is the medical term for this condition. In the absence of action, fluid will seep into the tissues of your ankles and feet. Causing swelling and discomfort. It has the potential to cause your skin to break down and wear away over time.