Digestive System: Structure and Function

From the top of your mouth to the bottom of your stomach, your food makes an incredible journey through your body. The good things in your meal get absorb, giving you nutrients and energy. To help illustrate how the digestive system works, here’s a step-by-step explanation.

What is the Digestive system?

The digestive system includes the GI tract, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. The GI tract is a lengthy, twisting tube of hollow organs from the mouth to the anus. The GI tract includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small, large, and anus. The solid digestive organs are the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.

It contains three sections. The duodenum is the first portion. The ileum is at the end of the jejunum. The appendix, cecum, colon, and rectum make up the large intestine. The appendix is a finger-shaped pouch on the cecum, while the large intestine begins with the cecum and then the colon. The rectum is the big intestine end.

The gut flora, or microbiome, improves digestion. The nervous and circulatory systems also help, such as nerves, hormones, germs, blood, and digestive organs all work together to digest the food and drinks you consume daily.

Why is digestion important?

A healthy body requires nutrients from food and drink to operate normally and stay healthy and vitamins, minerals, and water. Protein, fat, carbohydrate, and dietary fiber are essential nutrients. Your digestive system breaks nutrients into smaller particles that your body can absorb and use for energy, development, and cell repair.

  • When proteins decompose, amino acids produce.
  • Glycerol and fatty acids creates from fat breakdown.
  • simple sugars break down into carbohydrates

How does my digestive system work?

Your entire digestive system works together to transport food and drink through your gastrointestinal tract and break down solid food and liquid into smaller portions. The food must be broke up sufficiently for your body to absorb and utilize the nutrients. Digestion waste materials produce stool, which absorbs by the large intestine. Stomach acid and the hormones produced by the body regulate the digestion process.

How it is digest?

The small intestine absorbs most nutrients from food, and the remainder passes on to other regions of your body for storage or usage. Specialized cells assist absorbed nutrients enter your bloodstream through the gut lining. Simple sugars, amino acids, glycerol, and vitamins, and salts carry through the blood to the liver. The liver is responsible for storing, processing, and delivering nutrients to your body when it is needed.

Lymph Vessels are designed to transport white blood cells and lymphatic fluid, both responsible for fighting illness.

The molecules your body needs for energy, growth, and cell repair are created using carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, and glycerol.

What is the mechanism of my body’s role in the digestion process?

When it comes to digestion, hormones and nerves are working together to help keep everything regulated. Your digestive tract sends and receives signals between your brain and digestive tract.

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