Diabetes is a term that refers to a disorder that impairs the body’s ability to utilize (glucose). When you stop to consider it, glucose is much more than a source of energy. It is necessary for the formation of healthy tissue and muscle. Additionally, your brain is the primary source of food for your brain.
Each type has a distinct etiology. The health consequences of having an overabundance of sugar in your blood are significant.
According to the World Health Organization, diabetes is classified into two types: type 1 and type 2. It is possible for people to develop reversible illnesses such as prediabetes or gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes (GD) occurs exclusively during pregnancy. It is possible to treat it successfully both before and after the birth of the kid.
Blood sugar levels affect the symptoms, so they are always changing. The presence of prediabetes or type 2 doesn’t always equate to a lack of symptoms for certain people. Symptoms tend to occur sooner and be more severe in type 1.
The two types of diabetes have some of the same symptoms, such as:
- Worrisome increase in thirst
- urinary frequency
- weight decrease that has no explanation.
- A lack of focus
- Inflamed, slow-healing sores
When is the ideal time to consult a doctor?
Seek quick medical assistance if you or your child has diabetes. Always consult your doctor if you notice any symptoms. Make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible to start therapy.
Once diagnosed, your blood sugar levels should normalize, but you will need to see your doctor periodically for monitoring.
The causes of type 1 diabetes are still unclear.
There is no known cause of type 1 diabetes. It has been demonstrated that your immune system attacks and destroys your pancreas’s insulin-producing cells, which have historically fought harmful bacteria and viruses. If you take this route, you will have very little or no insulin remaining. Sugars accumulate in your bloodstream rather than being distributed to your cells.
Though the precise environmental factors that contribute to Type 1 remain unknown, research indicates that both genetic predisposition and environment have an effect on the illness. There is no evidence that obesity plays a role in type 1 diabetes.
Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes risk factors
A prediabetic state (prediabetes) and type 2 diabetes share a similar cellular feature in which insulin receptors fail to respond to insulin, causing insulin resistance and decreased insulin production. The sugar instead accumulates in your bloodstream, instead of going into your cells where it is needed for energy.