People with diabetes don’t have enough glucose in their bodies to utilize the sugar in the food they eat. Diabetes comes in several forms, but they are all linked by the presence of high glucose levels in the blood. Medications and/or insulin injections may be part of the treatment. Healthy living can help prevent several types of diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
If your body is unable to obtain glucose (sugar) and use it for energy, then you have diabetes. Because of this, there is an increase in the amount of sugar in your system.
When you have poorly controlled diabetes, you increase your risk of a wide range of organ and tissue damage, including heart problems, kidney disease, eye disease, and nerve damage.
What Causes Diabetes?
Regardless of the type of diabetes, excess glucose circulating in the bloodstream is the reason. Your blood glucose levels can be affected by the type of diabetes you have, but that has nothing to do with why your levels are elevated.
Type 1 is caused by a breakdown in the immune system. Your body seeks out and targets insulin-producing cells in your pancreas, which leads to the production of no insulin. Without insulin, glucose builds up in your blood because it is unable to enter your cells. A genetic component may apply in some cases. In addition, viruses can induce an immune system attack.
Type 2 and prediabetes are due to the primary cause. Insulin is unable to act as effectively as it should because your cells’ cells do not allow insulin to enter. Insulin resistance occurs in your cells. You can’t produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance, and your pancreas can’t keep up. In your bloodstream, glucose levels rise.
Diabetes mellitus during pregnancy. Your body cells are more resistant to insulin while you are pregnant because of the hormones your placenta produces. This resistance in your pancreas prevents you from producing enough insulin to counter it. After glucose is used up, the rest remains in your bloodstream.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
- It makes you thirstier.
- A sense of weakness and exhaustion.
- (feelings of) blurred vision
- Finger or foot numbness or tingling.
- [Causing] open, slow-healing sores or injuries.
- Losing weight wasn’t planned.
- Regular or frequent urinating
- Inappropriate and frequent inexplicable infections.
- Frequent dry mouth.
- Additional symptoms
In women, urinary tract infections or yeast infections appear, especially those who are dry and itchy.
In men: Reduced sex drive, erectile dysfunction, muscle weakness.
What are the complications of diabetes?
In the long term, excessive blood glucose levels can cause substantial tissue and organ damage. Complications that get worse over time can be life-threatening.
Adverse side effects include:
- Heart attack, heart disease, atherosclerosis, and hypertension (narrowing of the arteries).
- An injury to the nervous system that produces numbness and tingling that begins in the feet or fingers and then moves to other parts of the body.
- The potential for kidney failure or the requirement for dialysis or a transplant can be caused by damage to the kidneys (nephropathy).
- Cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy can all lead to blindness.
- Several possible complications might occur due to foot injury, including nerve damage, poor blood flow, and slow wound healing.
- Infections of the skin
- Erection disorder
- Inability to hear.
- Teeth issues.